Many questions circle the web about CBD and people need the facts. We’re going to cover some of the most commonly asked questions and provide in-depth answers including the science behind CBD and it’s benefits & side effects.
What Is CBD Oil?
To explain what CBD oil is, we should first discuss the meaning of CBD. The scientific term for CBD, is Cannabidiol. It’s one of over a hundred naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
The chemical structure of CBD is similar to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). You may have heard of THC before. It’s responsible for the “high” felt when smoking cannabis. But, when taking CBD oil you won’t experience any psychoactive effects.
In fact, when the high or intoxication from THC is too strong, CBD can help lessen the psychoactive effects. This is a large advantage that CBD has over THC. Many people want the therapeutic benefit without having to get high.
How is CBD oil made?
The process involves the extraction of the cannabidiol compound from flowers and buds of the cannabis plant. From there, the cannabidiol extract gets added to a carrier oil such as coconut, hemp or olive oil.
The therapeutic contents of CBD are more readily absorbed into your body when mixed with a carrier oil. From there, you have a few methods of consumption.
You can take CBD oil through the following methods:
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The human body receives benefit from CBD via the endocannabinoid system. Just like the various systems in our body, the endocannabinoid system also has its own function and role.
Discovered in the 1980’s, the ECS works to maintain homeostasis, or balance, in the body. It does this by regulating the body’s immune-system responses, pain response and sleep function.
Our body produces some endocannabinoids on its own. They are mostly found in our brain, glands, organs, and immune system. To get the most from cannabinoids, our body looks for the active cannabinoid receptors, referred to as CB1 and CB2.
Although CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, many are in the brain and nervous system. These receptors are responsible for:
- Movement and coordination
- Thought processes
- Emotions and mood
- Pain relief
CB2 receptors are more present in our immune and gastrointestinal systems. They affect inflammation and pain management.
It has only been a few decades since the discovery of the ECS. Yet, scientists already regard the ECS as a regulator for overall health. Taking CBD oil is one method of ensuring our bodies have the necessary levels of cannabinoids for optimal well-being.
Because of the growing interest in CBD, many scientists are conducting studies to learn more about it. To date, may of the studies prove CBD is a safe and non-addictive substance that has several therapeutic benefits.
What Are the Benefits of CBD Oil?
As the research continues to unfold, so do the number of benefits linked to CBD.
“Cannabinoids (CBD) have been found to have antioxidant properties. This new found property makes cannabinoids useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of wide variety of oxidation associated diseases, such as ischemic, age-related, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants.”
In this section of the article, we will explore the antioxidant and neuroprotective properties of CBD, as indicated by the US Patent.
And we will also discuss CBD’s other benefits and those who can seek relief from its use.
Reduction of Anxiety Symptoms
According to two different studies, findings proved that CBD has anxiolytic properties. The anxiolytic-like effects of CBD can help decrease a person’s vulnerability to stress. Furthermore, anxiolytic properties can reduce symptoms of generalised anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder (SAD).
So, if you suffer from stress or one of these disorders, taking CBD oil can be very beneficial.
A separate study examined the effects CBD had on anxiety resulting from public speaking. Scientists chose to study this particular fear because it’s a contributing factor for the onset of social anxiety disorder. The conclusion of this study was positive.
SAD patients who took CBD oil before their presentation felt a reduction in anxiety, cognitive impairment, and discomfort. Even more, scientists observed a large improvement in negative self-evaluation. When administered CBD oil, this trait associated with public speaking, almost completely vanished.
Over the last decade, studies have found many pharmacological and clinical properties of CBD that can potentially alleviate adverse effects related to addiction.
Furthermore, a scientific journal published by Neurotherapeutics found that “CBD’s anxiolytic properties and minimal adverse side effects also support its potential viability as a treatment option for a variety of symptoms associated with drug addiction.”
People suffering from drug addiction symptoms, can experience the following benefits when taking CBD oil:
- Reduction of pleasure induced feelings
- Inhibited drug seeking activity
- Reduction of anxiety from withdrawal
- Decreased sensitivity when using other drugs
Cannabis has helped many people suffering from nausea caused by acute and chronic illnesses. Now research provides an explanation for its efficacy. When the CB1 receptor is activated, nausea and vomiting become suppressed.
Science has revealed another reason for the anti-nausea effects of CBD. The chemical compounds in CBD indirectly activate the somatodendritic 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors in the brain stem.
Both these activations help treat difficult forms of nausea, including chemotherapy-induced nausea.
Improvements with Neurodegenerative Disorders
As the US Patent and other well‐documented evidence indicates, CBD has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. These properties have encouraged researchers to test its effects against neurodegenerative disorders.
Inflammation is one of the leading causes for many neurodegenerative disorders. As such, the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD are of high importance for researchers.
As it now stands, CBD has one of the highest potentials to bring therapeutic relief from these disorders.
What Are the Side Effects of CBD Oils?
In general, the safety profile of CBD oil in humans, confirmed by many studies, is favorable. The majority of studies conducted on the safety of CBD were for patients with epilepsy and psychotic disorders.
Patients of these studies reported some side effects.
The most common of them were:
- Changes of appetite
- Changes in weight
However, when compared with other drugs used in the treatment of these disorders, CBD oil had a better side effect profile. The benefits, as we have already discussed, seem to outweigh the potential side effects.
Most noteworthy are the properties that can promote and maintain health. The antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotection effects of CBD make it more effective than vitamin C and E for improving skin conditions such as acne.
To further explore the safety profile of CBD, a comprehensive review of 132 original studies was performed. The review noted that physiological markers, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature were not altered.
Similarly, psychological and psychomotor functions are not negatively affected when taking CBD oil. The same is true for gastrointestinal transit and food intake. The review also demonstrated that high doses of CBD oil, 1,500 mg per day, is well tolerated by humans.
Finally, a report from the World Health Organization, found that CBD “in humans… exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential….To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
How has CBD helped you? We’d love to know. Drop us a comment down below!